Disaster Risk Reduction Management Essay Free

Essay about Disaster Management

1428 Words6 Pages

Disaster Management

Introduction

All disaster managers must make decisions. Their decision involves a comparison between several alternatives and an evaluation of the outcome. The quality of the decisions managers make is the true measure of their performance. Each operational decision influences future actions, which in turn, require further decisions. Errors in decision-making, therefore, tend to be cumulative.

Decision-making is the major responsibility of a disaster manager, regardless of his or her functional area or level in the organization.
Some of these decisions may have a strong impact on the organization, while others will be important, but less crucial. The important point, however, is that all decisions will…show more content…

Of course, this type of decision-making environment is rare. Suppose the manager of a relief agency has been alerted by an early warning system that 2,000 refugees will arrive in his refugee camp in one week. He would be foolish not to order supplies for 2,000 people and prepare to distribute them. In this example, the decision-maker is fortunate because accurate information about future events is available. But, in most situations, the manager does not know exactly what will occur.
Under these latter conditions, the manager is forced to use probabilities to make decisions.

2) Decision-making Under Conditions of Risk æ In some situations, a manager is able to estimate the probability that certain variables could occur. The ability to estimate may be due to experience, incomplete, but reliable information, or, in some cases, an accurate report. When estimates are made, a degree of risk is involved, but some amount of information about the situation is available. The situation requires estimating the probability that one or more known variables might influence the decision being made. If the basis for the decision is stated in terms of maximizing results, for example, service levels the decision-maker would select the alternative, that produces the best result. However, if the basis for the decision is stated in terms of minimizing the outcome, for example, costs, the decision-maker would select the

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A JOINT STUDY OF THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AND THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK INSTITUTE

Disaster Risk Management in Asia and the Pacific
ISSUES PAPER

Disaster Risk Management in Asia and the Pacific
Issues Paper
April 2013

A Joint Study of the Asian Development Bank and the Asian Development Bank Institute

© 2013 Asian Development Bank Institute All rights reserved. Published 2013. Printed in Japan

Printed using vegetable oil-based inks on recycled paper; manufactured through a totally chlorine-free process.

Cataloging-in-Publication Data Disaster risk management in Asia and the Pacific: issues paper / Asian Development Bank Institute p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. 1. Disaster incidence. 2. Vulnerability. 3.…show more content…

BACKGROUND AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY II. MAJOR ISSUES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. COMPOUND DISASTERS SUPPLY CHAINS AND PRODUCTION NETWORKS CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION FINANCING AND INSURANCE-RELATED INSTRUMENTS GOVERNANCE FOR DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT THE REGIONAL DIMENSIONS OF DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT DISASTER INFORMATION AS EVIDENCE

v 1 5
5 7 9 11 15 19 22

III. SUMMARY OF THE STUDY REFERENCES

23 25

iii

ABOUT THIS STUDY

T

his is an issues paper from the ongoing joint ADB and ADBI study on Disaster Risk Management in Asia and the Pacific. The study is being prepared under the overall

guidance of a steering committee chaired by Bindu N. Lohani, Vice President for Knowledge Management and Sustainable Development of ADB, and Masahiro Kawai, Dean and CEO of ADBI. It is composed of the following heads of ADB’s operations and knowledge departments: Klaus Gerhaeusser (Central and West Asia Department), Robert Wihtol (East Asia Department), Xianbin Yao (Pacific Department), Seethapathy Chander (Regional and Sustainable Development Department), Juan Miranda (South Asia Department), Kunio Senga (Southeast Asia Department), and Kazu Sakai (Strategy and Policy Department). A team of international consultants are conducting the research and have provided valuable written inputs for the issues paper. Led by Ian Davis (visiting professor in Disaster Risk Management at Copenhagen, Kyoto, Lund, and Oxford Brookes Universities), the team

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