Marcy Kaptur Committee Assignments Hillary

WASHINGTON — In choosing their party leader on Wednesday, election-shocked Democrats in the House voted for decades of experience over youthful zeal. For tactical prowess and fundraising muscle over a backbencher. For West Coast over Middle America. 

They voted to continue with their leader of 14 years, Nancy Pelosi of California, rather than go with her last-minute opponent, Rep. Tim Ryan of Ohio. 

But is that what deflated Democrats need?

About a third of the caucus didn’t think so, sending a loud message of change to their leadership in Congress and nationally: Democrats must get back to their roots, to working-class Americans, with a clear economic message that the party is in their corner. They must not remain a party of the coasts, or of the elite.

“We talk more about free-range chickens than we do about working people,” said Rep. Stephen Lynch (D) of Massachusetts. The congressman was among 63 House Democrats who backed Representative Ryan for the top job of minority leader; 134 voted for Representative Pelosi.

Marathon caucus meeting

Democrats are reeling from their loss of the White House. In Congress, they made gains, but not as much as they expected, leaving both houses in the control of Republicans. A period of soul searching is going on as they examine the reasons for their losses and elect leaders who they hope can move the party forward. 

In Congress, Democrats have elected familiar faces: Pelosi in the House and Sen. Charles Schumer of New York as the new minority leader in the Senate. One is from San Francisco, the other from Brooklyn. Both recognize, however, that Democrats did not have a clear enough economic message in November.

“Never again will we have an election where there’s any doubt in anyone’s mind where the Democrats are when it comes to America’s working families,” Pelosi said on Wednesday, breaking from a marathon caucus election meeting to speak briefly with reporters.

It was a point driven home by Rep. Marcia Fudge (D) of Ohio, the former head of the Black Congressional Caucus. She said Democrats rely too much on consultants who don’t know nearly as much as the people running in their own districts.

Representative Fudge, a backer of Ryan's long-shot leadership bid, told reporters that she won her seat because she addresses “pocketbook” issues, not social issues.

Although he was disappointed that he didn't succeed, Ryan expressed satisfaction with the strong support he received and was confident that his voice has been heard. “The party is better off” for having this family conversation, he said, and added that his backers would huddle soon to figure out next steps and press for caucus reforms.

'Warning for the leadership'

Ryan’s challenge “is a warning for the leadership,” says James Thurber, a congressional expert at American University in Washington. They need to think about the next generation and the generation after that, taking them into account for committee assignments and task forces, he says.

The visibility of leadership and opportunity to advance are important because the House fields the farm team for the Senate, governorships, and even the White House.

“All parties need to have a way for young talent to get on an escalator and come up and make leaders,” says Mr. Thurber. 

The House Democrats’ top three leaders are all in their 70s. Committee leadership positions are tightly controlled. Seniority helps. So does fundraising ability. But those leaders haven't been able to help the party make up the ground they lost in the Republican wave of 2010, when Democrats lost more than 60 seats.

Democrats have lost more than 900 seats in state legislatures during President Obama’s tenure and hold only 18 governorships. The losses are important not only because they may limit the supply of experienced White House candidates, but because of the looming 2020 census. That’s when a new population count leads to the redrawing of congressional districts. If Republicans continue to dominate state houses, they will continue to hold the pen for district drawing. 

Ryan, who was first elected to Congress in 2002, has never been on the leadership track. It was only after his home county in Ohio went for Donald Trump – the first time it backed a Republican since Richard Nixon in 1972 – that he decided to step up. He told reporters he has “bit his tongue” over election losses in the past. He’s not doing that any more.

“If the message for the Democrats now is about working-class people that are white, black, brown, gay, straight, middle class, poor, man, woman – if that’s our focus, we will right this ship,” he said.

The message is the main thing, agrees Democratic Rep. Marcy Kaptur, also of Ohio. But the Democratic leadership needs to recommit to the geographic center of the country. The coasts are favored in leadership and committee assignments, says Representative Kaptur.

In 2012, she lost out to a New Yorker as the lead Democrat on the Appropriations Committee – even though Kaptur had more seniority. She says that in an internal meeting about the position, she was asked whether she would pay her dues and pay them on time, not about her experience.

She applauded Ryan’s challenge, although she had committed early to Pelosi. “It’s trying to sensitize the leadership that our part of the United States is missing.”

When Hillary Clinton came to Kaptur's city of Toledo, and spoke against the backdrop of the Amtrak station, Kaptur was shocked that Mrs. Clinton failed to provide a detailed plan for infrastructure or for bringing jobs to the state – key issues for her state.

"It was astounding," she said. "Our region was not embraced well by what was said by our leading candidate."

Pelosi backers: We need a 'strong captain'

But while Ryan's backers saw a need for an insurgency that would resonate with working-class voters, others argued for a steady hand on the helm as Democrats emerge from the beating of 2016.

“We need someone with extensive experience to pull us together right now,” said Rep. Elijah Cummings (D) of Maryland.

“This is a storm,” he said. “You’ve got to have a strong captain to get through it.”

Representative Cummings and others who backed Pelosi describe her as experienced, smart, and able to hold a diverse caucus together. From 2007-11, she was the first woman speaker of the House – a historic achievement. In that position she steered her caucus through the Affordable Care Act and Wall Street reform.

Added Rep. Gerald Connolly (D) of Virginia, “we need stability and we need to regroup.” That’s not to discount the significance of the challenge from the Ohio congressman to Pelosi’s leadership, he said. “We need to open up opportunity for all members.”

Marcia Carolyn "Marcy" Kaptur (; born June 17, 1946) is the U.S. Representative for Ohio's 9th congressional district and a Democrat. The district stretches from Kaptur's hometown of Toledo to Cleveland. It includes all of Ottawa and Erie counties, and parts of Lucas, Lorain, and Cuyahoga counties.

Serving her eighteenth term in the House of Representatives, Kaptur is currently the dean of Ohio's congressional delegation and the longest-serving woman in the House (the second longest-serving ever after Edith Rogers). In Congress, she is also currently the longest-serving woman since the retirement of Senators Barbara Boxer and Barbara Mikulski in January 2017.[1] She ranks 6th out of 435 members in seniority and serves on the House Appropriations Committee.[2]

Early life, education, and early political career[edit]

Kaptur was born on June 17, 1946 in Toledo, Ohio, the daughter of Anastasia Delores (née Rogowski) and Stephen Jacob Kaptur, both Polish Americans.[3][4] Her mother was an automobile union organizer and her family operated a small grocery. Kaptur started volunteering with the Ohio Democratic Party when she was 13.[5]

Kaptur graduated from St. Ursula Academy in 1964 and became the first member in her family to attend college. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1968 and a Master of Urban Planning from the University of Michigan in 1974.[6] She did doctoral studies in urban planning development finance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981.[7]

Kaptur served on the Toledo-Lucas County Plan Commissions from 1969 to 1975. She was director of planning for the National Center for Urban Ethnic Affairs (1975–1977) founded by the late Msgr. Geno Baroni. She later served as a domestic policy advisor during President Jimmy Carter's Administration.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

While at MIT, Kaptur was recruited to run for Congress in 1982 against freshman RepublicanEd Weber, who had upset 26-year incumbent Lud Ashley two years earlier.[9] Despite being outspent by almost 3-1, she defeated Weber 58%-39% in what was and still is considered an upset.[10][11]

In 1984, Kaptur faced a strong challenge from Republican Frank Venner, longtime anchorman and weatherman at WTVG, but defeated him 55%-44%,[12] even as Ronald Reagan carried the district. The district reverted to form, and from 1986 to 2002, she won every election with at least 74% of the vote. In 2004, she faced her strongest challenger in 20 years in Lucas County auditor Larry Kaczala. However, Kaptur dispatched him fairly easily, winning by 68%-32%.

2006

See also: United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2006 § District 9; United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2008 § District 9; United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2010 § District 9; and United States House of Representatives elections in Ohio, 2012 § District 9

Kaptur won her 13th term with 74% of the vote.[13]

2008

Kaptur won her 14th term with 74% of the vote.[14]

2010

Shortly after achieving fame during the 2008 election, conservative figure Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher announced that he was considering challenging Kaptur in the 2010 election.[15][16][17] However, he chose not to run. Kaptur was instead challenged by Republican Rich Iott, a Tea Party movement favorite. Kaptur won re-election to her 15th term with 59% of the vote,[18] which was her closest election since 1984.

2012

For her first three decades in Congress, Kaptur represented a compact district centered around Toledo. Redistricting after the 2010 census extended the 9th District all the way to western Cleveland. The new map put the home of incumbent 10th District congressman Dennis Kucinich into the 9th as well, so they ran against each other in the Democratic primary. Graham Veysey, a small-business owner from Cleveland, also ran in the primary. Kaptur won the primary with 56% of the vote, while Kucinich received 40%.[19][20] In the general election, she won a 16th term against Republican Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher and Libertarian Sean Stipe.[21] However, the reconfigured 9th was no less Democratic than its predecessor, and Kaptur had effectively clinched reelection by defeating Kucinich in the primary.

2014

Kaptur's 2014 opponent was Richard May, a longtime Republican activist from west Cleveland, who beat Lakewood resident Robert C. Horrocks, Jr. in the May 6 primary.[22] Kaptur won 68%-32%.

2016

Kaptur's 2016 opponent was Donald Larson, who defeated Steven Kraus and Joel Lieske in the Republican primary on March 15. Kaptur won 68%-31%.

Tenure[edit]

Kaptur is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. She was once named "Most Valuable Member" of the House by The Nation. In 1996, Kaptur was asked by Ross Perot to be his vice-presidential running mate. She eventually declined.[23]

Patent reform[edit]

Kaptur was a dedicated opponent of the America Invents Act that passed into law and changed the U.S. Patent System. Kaptur opposed changing from a "first to invent system" to a "first to file system," claiming it hurt small businesses.[24] Kaptur stated "Our patent system is the finest in the world... the proposed solutions are special fixes that benefit these few giants at the expense of everyone else."[25]

World War II Memorial[edit]

Responding to Roger Durbin, a World War II veteran and constituent, Kaptur first suggested the creation of a National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.[citation needed]

On December 10, 1987, Kaptur introduced the World War II Memorial Act to the House of Representatives. The legislation authorized the American Battle Monuments Commission to establish a World War II memorial, however, as the bill was not voted on before the end of the session it failed to be enacted into law. Kaptur introduced similar legislation in 1989 and 1991 but these bills also failed to become law.

Kaptur introduced legislation for the fourth time on January 27, 1993. This time the legislation was voted on and passed in the House on May 10, 1993. After a companion bill was passed in the United States Senate, President Bill Clinton signed the bill into law on May 25, 1993. Durbin died before the memorial was built, but Kaptur spoke at the memorial dedication ceremony, along with Durbin's granddaughter, on May 29, 2004.

Kaptur later said that she felt "a great sense of fulfillment" that the memorial was finally built. "This generation was the most unselfish America has ever seen," she said. "They never asked anybody for anything in return."[26]

Abortion[edit]

Kaptur holds a 95% approval rating from NARAL. She has stated that she supports Roe v. Wade, calling it "the law of the land" (Washington Journal, 9/17/2015). She has voted in favor of some proposals to restrict access to abortion, while opposing some others. In January 2007, she was the only member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus to vote against federally funded embryonic stem-cell research.[27] Kaptur expressed support for the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, an amendment to America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009, and voted in favor of it on November 9.[28] Kaptur was one of only sixteen Democrats to vote in favor of the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act on May 4, 2011.[29] Kaptur also voted in favor of banning partial-birth abortions in 2000 and 2003.[30][31] Kaptur voted against the Child Custody Protection Act in 1999 and the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act in 2005.[32][33] Kaptur voted against allowing privately funded abortions at overseas military hospitals twice in 1995, as well as 1997, 1998 and 1999.[34][35][36][37][38] In 2005, Kaptur voted in favor of lifting the ban on abortions at overseas military hospitals.[39]

Free trade[edit]

Kaptur is a staunch opponent of free trade agreements. She helped lead opposition to the North American Free Trade Agreement, permanent normal trade relations for the People's Republic of China, and fast track authority for the president.

2008 economic crisis[edit]

Marcy Kaptur expressed strong opposition to the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which provided a bailout for U.S. banks.[40] Addressing Wall Street banks, she said, "You have perpetrated the greatest financial crimes ever on this American Republic."

She also stated, "America doesn't need to bail you out. It needs to secure real assets and property. Federal regional reserve banks should have a new job to help renegotiate . American people should get equity in any companies. Major job creation to rebuild our infrastructure. Regulate, we need a modern Glass–Steagall Act. Refinancing must return a major share of profits to a new Social Security and Medicare lock box."

Kaptur's opposition to the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 was highlighted in Michael Moore's 2009 documentary Capitalism: A Love Story[41]

On April 12, 2011, Kaptur introduced H.R. 1489 to restore the Glass-Steagall Act. It states "To repeal certain provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and revive the separation between commercial banking and the securities business, in the manner provided in the Banking Act of 1933, the so-called "Glass-Steagall Act", and for other purposes." There were 30 co-sponsors. [42]

The environment[edit]

Marcy Kaptur backed The American Clean Energy and Security Act in the U.S. House after she was able to insert an amendment that would authorize the Secretary of Energy to create power marketing authorities in regions where none exist. One such area would be the Great Lakes region. Kaptur said the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation could serve as the vehicle for administering up to $3.5 billion in borrowing authority to stimulate economic development through creation of green energy such as solar power and wind power. Kaptur said the $3.5 billion in borrowing authority would promote "regional equity" and serve as a powerful engine for job creation in a region that has suffered from high energy costs, especially expensive electricity.

Agriculture[edit]

Marcy Kaptur helped to protect the rights of chicken farmers to speak up about mistreatment and unfair practices. She helped to remove anti-Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (anti-GIPSA) language.[43][44]

[edit]

Kaptur endorsed Senator Bernie Sanders in the Democratic primary, and even introduced him at a rally in Toledo.[45] She did not endorse eventual nominee Hillary Clinton, who had won Ohio and her district in the primary season.

Other views[edit]

She has consistently supported military spending bills.

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

YearDemocraticVotes %RepublicanVotes %Third PartyPartyVotes %Third PartyPartyVotes %
1982Marcy Kaptur95,16258%Ed Weber64,45939%Susan SkinnerIndependent1,7851%James SomersIndependent1,5941%*
1984Marcy Kaptur117,98555%Frank Venner93,21043%Other3,7142%
1986Marcy Kaptur105,64678%Mike Shufeldt30,64322%
1988Marcy Kaptur157,55781%Al Hawkins36,18319%*
1990Marcy Kaptur117,68178%Jerry Lammers33,79122%
1992Marcy Kaptur178,87974%Ken Brown53,01122%Edward HowardIndependent11,1625%*
1994Marcy Kaptur118,12075%Randy Whitman38,66525%
1996Marcy Kaptur170,61777%Randy Whitman46,04021%Elizabeth SlotnickNatural Law4,6772%
1998Marcy Kaptur130,79381%Ed Emery30,31219%
2000Marcy Kaptur168,54775%Dwight Bryan49,44622%Galen FriesLibertarian4,2392%Dennis SlotnickNatural Law3,0961%
2002Marcy Kaptur132,23674%Ed Emery46,48126%
2004Marcy Kaptur205,14968%Larry Kaczala95,98332%
2006Marcy Kaptur153,88074%Bradley Leavitt55,11926%
2008Marcy Kaptur222,05474%Bradley Leavitt76,51226%
2010Marcy Kaptur121,81959%Rich Iott83,42341%
2012Marcy Kaptur217,77173%Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher68,66823%Sean StipeLibertarian11,7254%
2014Marcy Kaptur108,87068%Richard May51,70432%*
2016Marcy Kaptur193,96669%Donald Philip Larson88,42731%*

*In 1982, Libertarian Brian Muir received 1,217 votes less than 1% of the total vote. In 1988, 72 write-in ballots were cast. In 1992, 50 write-in ballots were cast. In 2014, write-in candidates Cory Hoffman and George A. Skalsky received 112 votes and 29 votes, respectively. In 2016, write-in candidate George A. Skalsky received 5 votes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Sen. Barbara Mikulski's departure will make Rep. Marcy Kaptur longest serving woman in Congress". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  2. ^"Marcy Kaptur - House Democratic Caucus | Dems.gov". House Democratic Caucus | Dems.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  3. ^"The Online Office of Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur". Kaptur.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  4. ^Who's Who of Women in World Politics - Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  5. ^Foerstel, Karen (1999). "Marcy Kaptur". Biographical Dictionary of Congressional Women. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 141. ISBN 0-313-30290-1. 
  6. ^Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. "Lecture: Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur, An Urban Planner in Congress". Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  7. ^Schenken, Suzanne O'Dea (1999). "Kaptur, Marcia (Marcy) Carolyn (b. 1946)". From Suffrage to the Senate: An Encyclopedia of American Women in Politics. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio. p. 370. ISBN 0-87436-960-6. 
  8. ^Kouters, Angela (2008). Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics. New York: Facts On File. p. 268. ISBN 1-4381-1032-4. 
  9. ^"Former Congressman Weber backs Ferner for mayor". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 
  10. ^"OH District 9 Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 1982. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  11. ^"Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur: Biography". Kaptur.house.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  12. ^"OH District 9 Race". Our Campaigns. November 6, 1984. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  13. ^"OH - District 09 Race". Our Campaigns. November 7, 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  14. ^"OH - District 09 Race". Our Campaigns. November 4, 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  15. ^"Now, Joe the Plumber wants to be a Congressman!". Asian News International. 2008-10-25. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  16. ^"'Joe the Plumber' Considers Run for Congress". Fox News. 2008-10-25. Archived from the original on 2008-10-26. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  17. ^Shipman, Tim (2008-10-27). "Joe the Plumber says he may run for Congress". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  18. ^"2010 Election: Live Results". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  19. ^http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/Primary/OH
  20. ^"OH District 9 - D Primary Race". Our Campaigns. March 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  21. ^Noga, Joe (November 7, 2012). "Marcy Kaptur coasts to win in 9th District congressional race". Sun News. 
  22. ^http://www.cleveland.com/open/index.ssf/2014/05/richard_may_of_cleveland_wins.html
  23. ^"Ross Reruns". Newsweek. November 18, 1996. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  24. ^"Patent Reform". The Hill. June 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  25. ^Kaptur, Marcy (June 22, 2009). "Tech giants are aiming to infringe". The Hill. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  26. ^Janofsky, Michael (May 30, 2004). "Veterans Gather to Dedicate World War II Memorial". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  27. ^"Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act". House.gov. January 11, 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  28. ^"Stupak of Michigan Amendment". House.gov. November 7, 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  29. ^"No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act". House.gov. May 4, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  30. ^"Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2000". House.gov. April 5, 2000. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  31. ^"On Agreeing to the Conference Report". House.gov. October 2, 2003. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  32. ^"Child Custody Protection Act". House.gov. June 30, 1999. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  33. ^"Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act". House.gov. April 27, 2005. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  34. ^"DeLauro of Connecticut Amendment". House.gov. June 15, 1995. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  35. ^"Dornan of California". House.gov. September 7, 1995. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  36. ^"Harman of California Amendment". House.gov. June 19, 1997. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  37. ^"Lowey of New York Amendment". House.gov. May 20, 1998. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  38. ^"Meek of Florida Amendment". House.gov. June 9, 1999. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  39. ^"Davis of California Amendment". House.gov. May 25, 2005. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  40. ^THE LATEST REALITY GAME--WALL STREET BAILOUT House of Representatives - September 22, 2008.
  41. ^"Michael Moore's Capitalism Goes for Broke". Time. September 6, 2009. 
  42. ^"Return to Prudent Banking Act of 2011 (2011; 112th Congress H.R. 1489) - GovTrack.us". Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  43. ^"Ag spending bill contains big win to protect rights for chicken farmers after viral John Oliver video brought attention to their plight". Congresswoman Chellie Pingree. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  44. ^LastWeekTonight (2015-05-17), Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Chickens (HBO), retrieved 2016-03-09 
  45. ^https://www.nytimes.com/politics/first-draft/2016/03/11/bernie-sanders-praises-ruling-allowing-17-year-olds-to-vote-in-ohio/
  46. ^http://www.ciclt.net/sn/pol/poc_detail.aspx?P_ID=&ClientCode=tcsg&LegComID=20407
  47. ^"Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved 21 February 2018. 
  48. ^"Office of the House Clerk – Electoral Statistics". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. 
  49. ^"Election Results". Federal Election Commission. 
  50. ^"2012 Elections Results". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  51. ^"2014 Elections Results". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved October 18, 2015. 
  52. ^"2016 Elections Results". Ohio Secretary of State. Retrieved December 5, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Portrait of Kaptur from the 1985 Congressional Pictorial Directory
The World War II National Memorial in Washington, D.C

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