As this argumentative essay in favor of capital punishment will explore, capital punishment is absolutely necessary because it deters instances of murder and because it offers the only just punishment for a crime that is without parallel. The existence of capital punishment and the threat that is it is a possibility is enough to deter crime and as a result, this practice should be continued. If future criminals feel that they can easily get off with a light sentence for one of the most horrible possible crimes, it seems only natural that instances of murder would increase. “Some argue that executing murderers may actually cause more murders by desensitizing society at large to killing. But over the years, several studies have shown that killing convicted murderers does deter future murders" (Sage 77). In addition to the more statistical aspect of the benefits of keeping capital punishment, there is a more ethereal issue to contend with; the pain and suffering of both the victim and his or her family.It is not difficult to maintain the position of being in favor of capital punishment when one takes a close look at the pain and suffering caused when someone’s loved one is murdered. The act of murdering someone is one of the most heinous acts and must be dealt with accordingly so that the families and victims of the crime have some sort of retribution. One finds in the Bible the popular expression, “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth" and this almost seems a perfect statement for capital punishment. One must ask how, if not through capital punishment, is one supposed to be punished for the crime of taking another human being’s life? By examining the benefits of capital punishment in deterring crime and looking at the more philosophical issues of general punishment for murder it will be demonstrated how important it is for the nation to retain capital punishment. There are many statistics that point to the success of capital punishment. Several studies indicate a strong correlation between execution and the determent of crimes, especially murder. Such studies “suggest that capital punishment has a strong deterrent effect, each execution results, on average, in 18 fewer murders—with a margin of error of plus or minus ten. Tests show that results are not driven by tougher sentencing laws." (Ellsworth 116). While this data is highly subjective and considers the national average (as opposed to a region or city) it does show that violence is reduced. Although tough sentences that are imposed for serious non-capital crimes are generally extremely high, it is interesting that the thought of life in prison is not as much of a determent as the prospect of death. When people are trying to make a decision about capital punishment, many are inclined to think that it is not fair to punish one murder with another and others tend to suggest that there is too much of a possibility of executing the wrong person.
While there may be some legitimacy to these claims, it seems much more pressing for us to consider what a beneficial solution capital punishment has been. Although it would be impossible to support in any real argument for capital punishment, it seems fair, based on the data that is already available, to suggest that murder rates would be far higher in this country if we did not have capital punishment in many states. Those who would question this might remind us that the murder rates are lower in Europe than in the United States (Ellsworth 119) and they do not have capital punishment. The counter-argument, however, is that they do not face some of the same societal problems that we do in the United States and thus what works for them might not apply in the case of our society. In general, keeping capital punishment has been proven to work in deterring some instances of murder and thus we should not try to fix what is not broken and should keep capital punishment.
Argumentative Essay on Capital Punishment
Although People think Capital punishment is against human's rights for life and it is cruel to not give the criminals another chance, I think capital punishment is still an effective way to deter violent criminals, because it can give comfort to the victims and their families, it will reduce the government's financial spending, and it is a huge warning for the criminals in order to reduce murder rate.
Capital punishment is necessary in order for justice to prevail. It is the execution of criminals for committing crimes. However, there are few controversies and opposite views. Many people think that capital punishment is against human's rights for life. It is as same as murder; the only difference is just between government killing and individual killing. The anti-capital punishment people believe that everyone might make mistakes in their lives, also everyone should have chance to correct their mistakes. It is too cruel to bereave people's chance to change. It is also too cruel to make the families of people who got capital punishment trap in sadness. If the criminals have chances to change, maybe they can become instructive for the society and make contributions for the society. It is true that capital punishment deprives criminal's lives and chances, but capital punishment does make more benefits for the social stability and social structure.
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First, capital punishment can give comfort to the victims and their families, and it might make the victims or the victim's families feel better knowing that the criminal will never be able to hurt anyone ever again. If the criminals didn't get capital punishment, it will upset the victim's family and cause panic to them because of the possibility of revenge. Also, the victim's family will feel unfair and unjust. They will ask why the person who destroys their family can still alive, but they have to suffering the pain. And if the victim's family feels dissatisfied with the judgment, they may think about to revenge by themselves. This will make chaos and more crimes in the society. Then, more miserable events will happen.
Second, capital punishment can reduce government's financial spending. Every year, the government should spend huge amount of money for sustain the prisoners alive in the prison. For those criminals who will stay in the prison for their whole life because of their serious crimes, the government should sustain them for the rest of their lives. The prisoners get free meals, clothes, bed, electricity, air conditioning and heating, cable and many other luxuries that make it a comfortable place to live. Many people believe that criminals live in prison are better than other peoples hard earned money. Also, there are still many innocent poor people live in poverty. Think about it, which one is worth? Should we give help to the prisoners who did serious crimes or give help to those homeless, children living in poverty and people who lose their jobs? The answer is obvious. Without spend money to maintain the prisoners who should receive capital punishment, the government can reduce their stress and use the money to create jobs, help people who live in poverty and promote the development of the country.
Third, capital punishment is a huge warning for the criminals in order to reduce murder rate. It deters murder and prevents murderers from killing again by putting the fear of death in to their minds. It also can make examples out of offenders so that the threat of death will be enough to stop them from committing such horrible crimes. People are less likely to do something if they think that harm will come to them. Therefore, the criminals should think of the consequences before they kill someone. They have the responsibility for their horrible behaviors. If they use their mind to think about this instead of just killed someone for their desire, they probably are intelligent enough to make positive impacts on the world. People might feel that sentencing them to life in prison is punishment enough.
In conclusion, Punishment by death is the ultimate punishment and one that cannot be taken back. Criminals who did serious crimes deserve to die and not stay in jail. Some people say that killing in any form is absolutely wrong. Some people agree that killing is wrong, however, if one person kills another, capital punishment is what they deserve. To give a criminal the death penalty would reassure the people close to the victim it would not happen again. Also it gives them the feeling that the death has been avenged. A family will feel less pain if the killer dies like he should. In addition, give capital punishment can save lots of money for the government to maintain the serious criminals for their whole life in prison. People can use the money to accomplish some more constructive affairs. Capital punishment also makes criminals think about whether committing a crime is really worth their lives or not. Capital punishment ensures peace of mind to the world because it ensures that murders will never kill again.
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